Tuberculosis is one of the top ten causes of death and the leading cause from a single infectious agent. Drug-resistant Tuberculosis continues to be a public health crisis. Urgent action is required to improve the coverage and quality of diagnosis, treatment and care for people with drug-resistant Tuberculosis. Patients with pulmonary Tuberculosis can spread the disease by coughing, sneezing, or simply talking. For that reason, it is important to diagnosis Tuberculosis in order to start treatment as soon as possible. In the present manuscript we present the case of a 25-year-old Indian HIV-negative female, no comorbidity, with a history of drug susceptible tuberculosis diagnosed in 2015 which advanced in extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis after two years of treatment. This case report highlights the risk of mismanagement of patient affected by Tuberculosis and the consequences related which could harm the patient’s health.
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